He became a close confidant of the Yongle Emperor.
He became a close confidant of the Yongle Emperor. Between andZheng He commanded a series of seven naval expeditions sponsored by the Ming government to establish a Chinese presence and extend the tributary system to the maritime nations in Southeast Asia.
Zheng He set sail on his first voyage on July 11,commanding 62 treasure Zheng he, smaller ships and 27, men. Zheng He brought back emissaries from 36 countries who agreed to a tributary relationship, along with rich and unusual gifts, including African zebras and giraffes that ended their days in the Ming imperial zoo.
Zheng He died during the seventh voyage and was buried at sea off the Malabar coast near Calicut in Western India. Zheng belonged to the Semu or Semur caste which practiced Islam. Both his father Mir Tekin and grandfather Charameddin had traveled on the hajjthe Islamic pilgrimage to Zheng heand their travels contributed much to the young boy's education.
Infollowing the fall of the Yuan Dynastya Ming army was dispatched to Yunnan to put down the Mongol rebel Basalawarmi, commonly known as the Prince of Liang, a descendant of Kublai Khan and a Yuan Dynasty loyalist.
Zheng He, then only a young boy of eleven years, was taken captive by that army and castrated, becoming a eunuch. He was made an orderly in the army, and bywhen the army was placed under the command of the Prince of Yen, Zheng He Ma Ho had distinguished himself as a junior officer, skilled in war and diplomacy.
He became a close confidant of Prince of Yen. The Ming court then sought to display its naval power to the maritime states of South and Southeast Asia. The Chinese had been expanding their influence across the seas for three hundred years, establishing an extensive sea trade to bring spices and raw materials to China.
By the beginning of the Ming dynasty, shipbuilding and the art of navigation had reached new heights in China. Between andthe Ming government sponsored a series of seven naval expeditions.
Emperor Yongle intended them to establish a Chinese presence, impose imperial control over trade, and impress foreign peoples in the Indian Ocean basin. He also might have wanted to extend the tributary system, by which Chinese dynasties traditionally recognized foreign peoples.
Many of these ships were mammoth nine-masted "treasure ships," by far the largest marine craft the world had ever seen. He defeated his forces and took the King back to Nanking as a captive to apologize to the Emperor.
On his return he touched at Samudra, on the northern tip of Sumatra. Zheng He set out on his fourth voyage in After stopping at the principal ports of Asia, he proceeded westward from India to Hormuz.
A part of the fleet then cruised southward down the Arabian coast, the Persian Gulf and Arabiavisiting Djofar and Aden. A Chinese mission visited Mecca and continued to Egypt. The fleet visited Brava and Malindi in what is now Kenyaand almost reached the Mozambique Channel. On his return to China inCheng Ho brought envoys from more than 30 states of South and Southeast Asia to pay homage to the Chinese emperor.
Ina sixth voyage was launched to return the foreign emissaries to their homes, again visiting Southeast Asia, IndiaArabia, and Africa. Final Voyage Inthe Yongle Emperor died.Zheng He, Wade-Giles romanization Cheng Ho, original name Ma Sanbao, later Ma He, (born c. , Kunyang, near Kunming, Yunnan province, China—died , Calicut [now Kozhikode], India), admiral and diplomat who helped extend the maritime and commercial influence of China throughout the regions bordering the Indian Ocean.
Zheng He: Zheng He, admiral who helped extend the influence of China throughout the regions bordering the Indian Ocean. For the Three Kingdoms general, see Zhang He. Between and , the Ming government sponsored a series of seven naval expeditions.
Emperor Yongle intended them to establish a Chinese presence, impose imperial control over trade, and impress foreign peoples in the Indian Ocean basin.
Zheng He was an ethnically Muslim Chinese figure of the Ming Dynasty, which ruled China for years between the and Zheng He might be called the “Christopher Columbus” of China because of his spectacular journeys to far-off lands, such as East Africa, the Middle East, and Sri Lanka.
Zheng He as a Chinese Muslim.
Zheng He travelled to Mecca, though he did not perform the pilgrimage rutadeltambor.com government of the People's Republic of China uses him as a model to integrate the Muslim minority into the Chinese nation. Zheng He (Chinese: 鄭和; – or ) was a Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat, fleet admiral, and court eunuch during China's early Ming rutadeltambor.com was originally born as Ma He in a Muslim family, later adopted the conferred surname Zheng from Emperor Yongle.