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By earlythe German government began recalling from combat, a number of scientistsengineersand technicians; they returned to work in research and development to bolster German defense for a protracted war with the USSR.
Werner Osenberg, the engineer-scientist heading the Wehrforschungsgemeinschaft Defense Research Associationrecorded the names of the politically cleared men to the Osenberg List, thus reinstating them to scientific work. Army Major Robert B. Army Ordnance Corpsused the Osenberg List to compile his list of German scientists to be captured and interrogated; Wernher von BraunGermany's premier rocket scientist, headed Major Staver's list.
On May 22,he transmitted to the U. Pentagon headquarters Colonel Joel Holmes's telegram urging the evacuation of German scientists and their families, as most "important for [the] Pacific war " effort.
After capturing them, the Allies initially housed them and their families in LandshutBavaria, in southern Germany.
Beginning on July 19,the U. However, when the "Camp Overcast" name of the scientists' quarters became locally known, the program was renamed Operation Paperclip in November This provided the information on targets for the T-Forces that went in and targeted scientific, military and industrial installations and their employees for their know-how.
Initial priorities were advanced technology, such as infraredthat could be used in the war against Japan; finding out what technology had been passed on to Japan; and finally to halt the research. A project to halt the research was codenamed "Project Safehaven", and it was not initially targeted against the Soviet Union; rather the concern was that German scientists might emigrate and continue their research in countries such as Spain, Argentina or Egypt, all of which had sympathized with Nazi Germany.
In order to avoid the complications involved with the emigration of German scientists, the CIOS was responsible for scouting and kidnapping high-profile individuals for the deprivation of technological advancements in nations outside of the US. Many German research facilities and personnel had been evacuated to these states, particularly from the Berlin area.
Fearing that the Soviet takeover would limit U. On orders of Military Government you are to report with your family and baggage as much as you can carry tomorrow noon at hours Friday, 22 June at the town square in Bitterfeld.
There is no need to bring winter clothing. Easily carried possessions, such as family documents, jewelry, and the like should be taken along. You will be transported by motor vehicle to the nearest railway station. From there you will travel on to the West.
Please tell the bearer of this letter how large your family is. By this evacuation operation had netted an estimated 1, technicians and scientists, along with 3, family members.
Those with special skills or knowledge were taken to detention and interrogation centers, such as one code-named DUSTBIN,  to be held and interrogated, in some cases for months. A few of the scientists were gathered up in Operation Overcast, but most were transported to villages in the countryside where there were neither research facilities nor work; they were provided stipends and forced to report twice weekly to police headquarters to prevent them from leaving.
The Joint Chiefs of Staff directive on research and teaching stated that technicians and scientists should be released "only after all interested agencies were satisfied that all desired intelligence information had been obtained from them".
On November 5,the Office of Military Government of the United States OMGUSwhich had jurisdiction over the western part of occupied Germany, held a conference to consider the status of the evacuees, the monetary claims that the evacuees had filed against the United States, and the "possible violation by the US of laws of war or Rules of Land Warfare".
Walsh initiated a program to resettle the evacuees in the Third Worldwhich the Germans referred to as General Walsh's "Urwald-Programm" jungle program ; however, this program never matured.
Inthe evacuees received settlements of John Gimbel concludes that the United States put some of Germany's best minds on ice for three years, therefore depriving the German recovery of their expertise. Navy "received in custody" Dr. Army's Ordnance Corpsoffered initial one-year contracts to the rocket scientists ; of them accepted.
In Septemberthe first group of seven rocket scientists aerospace engineers arrived at Fort Stronglocated on Long Island in Boston harbor: Wernher von BraunErich W. On April 1,the Fort Bliss missile development operation—including Wernher von Braun and his team of over Paperclip members—was transferred to Redstone Arsenal.
In earlylegal U. Ernst Geissler was awarded the medal in Wernher von Braun  and Ernst Steinhoff She has just received a pacemaker and is in the ICU. Nickerson was a child actress when she played Violet, the girl who blows up into a large blueberry shape, in .
Contents Dean Peter Hawkes Associate Dean Thomas Tauer. p. 4. A Message from the Dean. by Dean Peter Hawkes. It is my pleasure to write to you as Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences (CAS). The Young Child as Scientist, a:a Constructivist Approach to Early Childhood Science Education - a constructivist approach to early childhood science education, Christine Chaill e, Lory Britain.
This collection contains considerable material related to Douglas?s work as a writer, professor, and diplomat. , Dr. Wesley Hager, Dr. Glenn Hinson, and Thomas Merton speaking. Academy of Organizational Science. Academy of Religion and Mental Health. Academy for Spiritual Formation.
Acker Miles (Jones Miles, Jr). Civilization, accompanied by Science and Invention, places at the feet of Epsom the railroad, the telegraph, the telephone, the wireless, the gasoline motor, the automobile, the radio, the aeroplane and electric light and power. German Science Reader An Introduction to Scientific German, for Students of Physics, Chemistry and Engineering (English) (as Author) An Introduction to Scientific German, for Students of Physics, Chemistry and Engineering (German) (as Author).