Some works defy easy categorization.
History[ edit ] The Australian Classification Board was created in to classify or rate all films and later invideo games that came into Australia. In the early years of the system, beginning in Novemberthere were four ratings: The current coloured classification markings for films and computer games were introduced in May This new process reduces the costs of video game developers as they seek to obtain ratings for their products that are distributed digitally online.
The members must communicate their views clearly and appreciate the views of others.
Board members would be exposed to a wide range of material, including content that is confronting and offensive. Every film and computer game has to be classified before it can be legally made available to the public.
Some publications also need to be classified. Failure to give classification especially for unclassified material that is likely to be classified RC is an implicit ban except for exempt films, games, and publications.
It is an offence "to display, demonstrate, sell, hire, publicly exhibit or advertise a film or computer game" without having it classified. Some films and documentaries such as current affairs and those created for business, scientific and education purposes are exempt from classification unless, if classified, they would be M or above.
The other classification categories G, PG and M are merely recommendations and they are not submitted to legal age restrictions. RC banned material cannot be sold, hired or distributed to any persons. A film or video game's context is crucial in determining whether a classifiable element is justified by the story-line or themes.
The Classification Board decides what consumer advice accompanies each classification. They indicate the elements in films and computer games which caused the classification and help consumers make choices about what they read, view or play.
There are six classifiable elements for films: Consumer advice appears with the classification symbol on products, packaging and in advertisements.
Consumer advice is not given if the element in question would be acceptable at a lower classification. The Board does not classify live performancesaudio CDs and television shows.
Television is regulated by the Australian Communications and Media Authority. General G — Contains material available for general viewing. This category does not necessarily designate a children's film or game. Although not mandatory at this category, the Board may provide consumer information.
Consumer advice at G classification usually relates to impacts on very young children. The content is very mild in impact.Why Study Children's Literature? Introduction. Many strong reasons for studying children’s literature are shaped by the objectives, values, beliefs, and salable skills of the discipline in which the coursework is seated, but all courses across the wide educational spectrum share elements that invite us to the study of children’s literature, and once we choose .
ClassZone Book Finder. Follow these simple steps to find online resources for your book. What Content Should Be Taught in Children's Literature? Jill P. May what the content of a children's literature course should be. not introduced to children's literature in a meaningful way during their elementary school years, they see no purpose for the.
What should we do to improve the lives of children growing up in adversity? Presenting a new strategy based in the emerging science of success. Study Questions for Books Previously Taught in Young Adult Literature and in Children's Literature. These books can be used for elementary, middle school, and secondary school-aged pupils and now Miguel A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich Alice in Wonderland.
Belle Prater's Boy Book of Three, The Briar Rose Bridge to Teribithia. Catcher in the Rye Charlotte's Web Chasing Redbird Child of. Barbara Kiefer is an Associate Professor in the Department of Curriculum and Teaching at Teachers College, Columbia University where she teaches courses in Reading and Children’s Literature.