Map from New York Times. These two counties share another unique feature. Amidst a blanket of Republican red both Hale and Bamberg voted primarily Democratic in the, and again in the presidential elections.
Age, education, and income[ edit ] Rates of voting in the U.
Presidential Election by income Rates in voting in the U. Presidential Election by educational attainment Age, income and educational attainment are significant factors affecting voter turnout. Educational attainment is perhaps the best predictor of voter turnout, and in the election those holding advanced degrees were three times more likely to vote than those with less than high school education.
Income correlated well with likelihood of voting as well, although this may be because of a correlation between income and educational attainment, rather than a direct effect of income.
Age difference is associated with youth voter turnout. Berman and Johnson's  argument affirms that "age is an important factor in understanding voting blocs and differences" on various issues.
Young people are typically "plagued" by political apathy and thus do not have strong political opinions The Presidential elections in usa, As strong political opinions may be considered one of the reasons behind voting Munsey,political apathy among young people is arguably a predictor for low voter turnout.
As such, since most candidates running for office are pervasively over the age of 35 years Struyk,youth may not be actively voting in these elections because of a lack of representation or visibility in the political process.
Considering that one of the critical tenets of liberal democracy is voting, the idea that millennials are denouncing the value of democracy is arguably an indicator of the loss of faith in the importance of voting. Thus, it can be surmised that those of younger ages may not be inclined to vote during elections.
Education is another factor considered to have a major impact on voter turnout rates. Burden investigated the relationship between formal education levels and voter turnout. He demonstrated the effect of rising enrollment in college education circa s, which — as expected - did result in an increase in voter turnout.
However, "this was not true for political knowledge" Burden, ; a rise in education levels did not have any impact in identifying those with political knowledge a signifier of civic engagement until the s election, when college education became a distinguishing factor in identifying civic participation.
This article poses a multifaceted perspective on the effect of education levels on voter turnout.
Based on this article, one may surmise that education has become a more powerful predictor of civic participation, discriminating more between voters and non-voters. However, this was not true for political knowledge; education levels were not a signifier of political knowledge.
Gallego also contends that voter turnout tends to be higher in localities where voting mechanisms have been established and are easy to operate — i.
One may contend that ease of access — and not education level — may be an indicator of voting behavior. Though youth in larger read: Smith and Tolbert's research reiterates that the presence of ballot initiatives and portals within a state have a positive effect on voter turnout.
Another correlated finding in his study Snyder, was that education is less important as a predictor of voter turnout in states than tend to spend more on education.
Moreover, Snyder's research suggests that students are more likely to vote than non-students. It may be surmised that an increase of state investment in electoral infrastructure facilitates and education policy and programs results in increase voter turnout among youth. Wealthier people tend to vote at higher rates.
Harder and Krosnick contend that some of the reasons for this may be due to "differences in motivation or ability sometimes both " Harder and Krosnick,or that less wealthy people have less energy, time, or resources to allot towards voting.
Another potential reason may be that wealthier people believe that they have more at stake if they don't vote than those with less resources or income. Maslow's hierarchy of needs might also help explain this hypothesis from a psychological perspective. If those with low income are struggling to meet the basic survival needs of food, water, safety, etc.
Women's suffrage and gender gap[ edit ] There was no systematic collection of voter turnout data by gender at a national level beforebut smaller local studies indicate a low turnout among female voters in the years following Women's suffrage in the United States.
The graph of voter turnout percentages shows a dramatic decline in turnout over the first two decades of the twentieth century, ending inwhen the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution granted women the right to vote across the United States.
But in the preceding decades, several states had passed laws supporting women's suffrage. Women were granted the right to vote in Wyoming inbefore the territory had become a full state in the union. Inwhen the Wyoming constitution was drafted in preparation for statehood, it included women's suffrage.
Thus Wyoming was also the first full state to grant women the right to vote. InColorado was the first state to amend an existing constitution in order to grant women the right to vote, and several other states followed, including Utah and Idaho inWashington State inCalifornia inOregon, Kansas, and Arizona inAlaska and Illinois inMontana and Nevada inNew York in ; Michigan, South Dakota, and Oklahoma in Each of these suffrage laws expanded the body of eligible voters, and because women were less likely to vote than men, each of these expansions created a decline in voter turnout rates, culminating with the extremely low turnouts in the and elections after the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment.
Voter turnout by sex and age for the US Presidential Election. This voting gender gap waned throughout the middle decades of the twentieth century, and in recent decades has completely reversed, with a higher proportion of women voting than men in each of the last nine presidential elections[ when?
The Center for American Women and Politics summarizes how this trend can be measured differently both in terms of proportion of voters to non-voters, and in terms of the bulk number of votes cast.Mar 08, · The winner-take-all presidential system is unconstitutional.
We're taking it to court. There's no legal justification for states’ use of winner-take-all. The broadest historical trends in voter turnout in the United States presidential elections have been determined by the gradual expansion of voting rights from the initial restriction to male property owners aged twenty-one or older in the early years of the country's independence, to all citizens aged eighteen or older in the mid-twentieth century..
Voter turnout in the presidential. Latest Election Poll Results, News, Photos, Videos, and Conversations.
An election for President of the United States occurs every four years on Election Day, held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
The next Presidential election will be held on November 3, Elections; Latest Election News. Trump announces ‘major rally’ for Ted Cruz: ‘His opponent is a disaster’ Latest Election News. Trump announces ‘major rally’ for . The election was the first held under the Twelfth Amendment, which separated electoral college balloting for president and vice president.
The Federalists alienated many voters by refusing to commit their electors to any particular candidate prior to the election.