See Article History Alternative Titles: Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaskaat the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaiiin the mid-Pacific Ocean.
British, Britannic Orientation Identification.
The name of the country and the term "English" derive from the Old English word for one of the three Germanic peoples that invaded the British Isles in the fifth century C.
Englishness is highly regionalized. The most important regional divide is between the Polygamy research paper titles and the north. The south, chiefly represented by the regions of the southeast, southwest, East Anglia, and the Midlands, now contains the economically most dynamic sectors of the country, including the City the chief financial center of the United Kingdom and the seat of the national government, both in London.
The north, the cradle of industrialization and the site of traditional smokestack industries, includes Yorkshire, Lancashire, Northumberland, Cumbria, Durham, Merseyside, and Cheshire.
Especially in the last decades of the twentieth century, the north has experienced deindustrialization, severe economic hardship, and cultural balkanization. England is also a culture of many smaller regionalisms, still centered on the old governmental unit of the county and the local villages and towns.
Local products, such as ale, and regional rituals and art forms, such as Morris dancing and folk music, many of which date back to the preindustrial era, allow people to shape their attachments to their communities and the nation.
Merged with the north—south divide and regionalism are notions of working class, middle class, and upper class as well as rich versus poor. England's role as a destination for migration also has influenced conceptions of Englishness.
Historically, the most prominent immigrant group has been the Irish, who came in two major waves in the modern era: Scots were present in England by the s and settled in England in large numbers during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, often for economic reasons.
Welsh in-migration came to prominence when deindustrialization began in Wales in the s. This inmigration has brought the so-called Celtic fringe into English culture in a host of ways. The loss of Britain's colonies has brought Afro-Caribbeans, Bangladeshis, Pakistanis, Indians, and migrants from northwestern and eastern Africa in significant numbers.
Judgments of whether England's newcomers feel themselves to be "English" vary by group and even by individual. England covers 50, square milessquare kilometers of the main island of the British Isles and lies off the northwestern coast of Europe, separated from the mainland by the English Channel.
The Gulf Stream makes the climate mild and rainy. The country is also divided into a highland zone and a lowland zone along a line from the mouth of the River Exe in the southwest to the mouth of the River Tees in the northeast.
The highland zone's soil is poor and rocky, mainly suitable for raising livestock, but in the lowlands the land is flatter, the soil is fertile, and there are many navigable rivers. As a result of its favorable topography, the lowland region has always had the majority of the population, supported most agriculture and trade, and had the largest cities including the capital, London.
The highland zone did not develop rapidly until the nineteenth century, when its coal and iron deposits allowed it to surge to prominence in the industrial revolution; England its communities struggle in England's postindustrial era. The population was The estimated nonwhite proportion of the population for that year was 7.
Celtic in-migrations continues to be a major influence. These migrations are often urban in focus and tend to cluster in particular districts like London and Merseyside. The second important shift in demography from an ethnic standpoint is related to the end of the British Empire.
Beginning in the s, peoples from the Indian subcontinent and the Caribbean began to immigrate to England, taking advantage of the British Nationality Act, which established that all Commonwealth citizens enjoyed British citizenship.
Between andthe number of nonwhites in England, Scotland, and Wales rose from 2. In that same period Great Britain grew by just 5. European, Mediterranean, and East Asian immigrants have been part of the cultural landscape since the Middle Ages, when the Jewish community came to prominence and Flemish clothworkers began arriving.
Immigrants to England in particular have been drawn there by the creation of a Common Market in Western Europe and the ending of restrictions on the movement of eastern Europeans. The primary language since the sixteenth century has been some version of English.
English, however, is an amalgam of languages brought to the British Isles by invasions that began before written history. The Celts made Gaelic the dominant language until the Romans invaded in 55 and 54 B. The arrival of Christianity in allowed English to interact with Latin as well as with Greek, Hebrew, and languages as distant as Chinese.
Viking invasions a few centuries later brought Scandinavian languages to the British Isles, while the Norman invasion in introduced French. Gradually, all levels of society adopted English, which had largely supplanted Latin and French in the second half of the fifteenth century.Regeneration is a sovereign, mysterious work of the Holy Spirit (vv.
), yet Jesus says it is required for our salvation (v. 3).This means that we are dependent upon God for our salvation. Salvation is truly a divine work of grace, from beginning to end.
Without regeneration, there is no salvation. Yahoo Lifestyle is your source for style, beauty, and wellness, including health, inspiring stories, and the latest fashion trends. Aug 21, · Since , Pew Research Center has issued an annual report on key audience and economic indicators for a variety of sectors within the U.S.
news media industry. Polygamy is a sociological concept that can be addressed in a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. Marriage is considered to be a universal concept in that all societies appear to have it. Polygamy is the practice of a man taking more than one wife at the same time.
Polyandry is when a woman takes more that one husband at the same time. Polyandry is rare compared to polygamy, because it is only known to be inexistence in two parts of the world.
We’re happy to welcome friend of the Juvenile Instructor, Chris Blythe. Christopher James Blythe is a Research Associate at the Neal A.
Maxwell Institute of Religious Scholarship at .