Many college entrance exams in the early s were specific to each school and required candidates to travel to the school to take the tests.
The Middle Managers of Murder Introduction Bureaucracy is not unique to Germany, however its application by the National Socialists as a tool of totalitarian oppression is peerless.
Comparisons are often made between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Soviet Union, but Stalin purged the ranks of the military as well as civil bureaucracies, whereas Hitler preferred to work with the established bureaucracy in deference to expediency.
The rapid rearmament of Germany and mobilization for war required that the Nazi regime make use of the existing administrative machinery [ 1 ].
The German quest for Lebensraum living space meant more than defeating external enemies as would be the case in a traditional war. A racially pure Germany was the other half of the Lebensraum equation and to this end the Nazis relied on the knowledge and expertise of the Weimar era bureaucrats to execute genocide.
Referring to yet "another political regime [that] has come to an inglorious end in Germany, rendering another 'constitution' obsolete and thus making it a fitting object for scientific analysis [ At first glance, Herz appears to be warning of the dangers of leaving the bureaucratic institutions of the German Democratic Republic GDR in place and unexamined in a reunited Germany, but Herz was writing inless than a year after the end of hostilities in the European theater in World War II.
Herz was concerned that the de-Nazification of Germany not ignore the traditional bureaucracies because the perception of independence or 'professionalism' on the part of the bureaucrats was misleading.
The German bureaucracy inherited by Hitler was generally compliant with egregious Nazi policies if not eager accomplices.
Herz compares the situation in the aftermath of World War II to the demise of the Weimar republic, but there is a longer history. There is continuity from the bureaucracies of Bismarck, through the Weimar Republic, to the Nazi era, and into post-War Germany. Today, the legacy continues in the form of investigations into the possible Stasi involvement on the part of contemporary civil servants.
Origins of German Bureaucracy Ordered society would not be possible without bureaucracies to ensure the proper functioning of modern institutions such as hospitals, police, education, and the military. Bureaucracy predates the modern era, of course, but it was not until the late 18th and early 19th centuries that bureaucracy as we currently understand it was established.
Max Weber's theories refer to: The civil service in Germany dates back to the middle ages when commoners and lesser nobles were appointed civil servants who served at the leisure of the sovereign rather than an intermediary nobleman as was typical of feudal societies.
These appointments were little different from ennoblement, and barely resembled the functionaries of a modern bureaucratic institution. There was little in the way of a uniformed discipline. For one thing, appointments were made with scant regard to the merit of the individual being appointed--nepotism and favoritism were the rule.
Even in medieval times, however, the irregular and inefficient bureaucracies focused the power of the sovereign.
Through delegation of office, consolidation of knowledge--and therefore power--was the result. The imposition of a rigid hierarchy ensured that rulers had direct insight into the happenings of everything within their domain.Organizational change whereas, is more broad in perspective and can refer to any changes in the organization from change in organizational structure to technical or managerial innovations Organizational targets for planned change include changes in strategy, objectives, technology, culture, structure, processes, management etc.
Published: Mon, 5 Dec Most companies today are facing the problem of globalization. An organizational change, refers to the planned change in theory, while Organizational Development (OD), refers to a long-term effort undertaken to improve problem solving capabilities and adapting to changes of the external environment.
Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays. We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions. Model of planned organizational change.
Change can be managed.
|Planned Change Model - Progress Essays||Five years ago, I was invited to participate in a global project on climate change.|
|Oswald’s Violent Tendencies||Map of Nunavut "I remember looking around the room at all the faces of all the people who played some role in it over the years. And I thought of some of the people who weren't present.|
|Nunavut 99 - Living with Change||All rights reserved I am often asked to describe the experience of raising a child with a disability - to try to help people who have not shared that unique experience to understand it, to imagine how it would feel.|
|Search form||Danielle Moss Back in my 20s and into my early 30s, I put marriage and babies on a pedestal — a pedestal with a timeline that would determine my self-worth and happiness. At the same time, I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life, who I was, or what I deserved.|
By observing external trends, patterns and needs, managers use planned change to help the organization to adapt to external problems and opportunities. When organizations are caught flat footed, failing to anticipate or respond to new needs, management is at fault.
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LIVING WITH CHANGE; Love of family, appreciation of the seasons, respect for another's isuma: such cornerstones of Inuit society have triumphed over recent drastic .