Hotel Rwanda movie poster. Overview The decades following Rwanda's independence from Belgium in saw growing ethnic tensions and periodic violent attacks and reprisals between Rwanda's Hutu majority and its Tutsi minority.
Copjec, ;9 The above quote effectively demonstrates that debates on evil are not only still suitable for the issues emerging in a post-modern world, but are perhaps more suitable than ever before.
The film which I will be discussing, Hotel Rwandarelates the true story of Paul Rusesabagina, a man who sheltered over a thousand refugees in the hotel he managed during the Rwandan genocide of The film is useful as a focus point for the discussion of evil since the situation surrounding the events that took place during those months are often referred to in terms of evil — not only on the part of the Hutu militia that perpetrated the atrocities, but also of the international community and the UN in particular, which did not intervene to stop the massacre — and it would be useful to analyse a couple of key points in this film more closely.
It might therefore prove useful to turn 1 to psychoanalysis for a partial explanation with regards to how it is possible for people to change their behaviour in such radical ways, readily adopting new moral maxims that often oppose their previously adopted ones.
According to this theory, the group — small or large — surrenders its free will to that of the leader, which makes them less likely to make their own moral judgements with regards to their actions and more likely to blindly follow the leader as well as the other members of their group.
The issues of identity and legitimisation are also crucial to understanding how the Hutus felt justified in brutally murdering their former friends and neighbours.
As is explained in the film, tensions between Tutsis and Hutus were virtually nonexistent prior to the arrival of the Belgian colonists. The tendency to use members of this group as scapegoats and perceive them as threats is clearly demonstrated in the build-up to the Rwanda massacre.
As the economic situation in the country worsened, Tutsis were used to divert anger from the Hutu government.
Subsequently, when the airplane carrying the Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana was shot down, the incident was used to make Hutus feel as if they were under attack.
The outcome of this particular scene is that the UN soldiers do not use their weapons but most of the refugees are saved by the belatedly arrived local police force. The 3 outcome of the lack of intervention from Western nations was the death of an estimated 1 million people.
The crucial question for the purpose of this paper is whether the actions of those soldiers were evil.
It could be argued that if they had used their guns against their explicit orders, many lives could have been saved, but it could also be said, on the other hand, that this act would have give the hostile militias a justification to kill the UN soldiers as well, which would have saved even fewer lives.
In determining the evil nature of actions or people, should we consider first and foremost the intention or the consequence of action?
It might prove useful at this point to outline a practical definition of morals in contrast to ethics in relation to this particular example. I would argue that morals are result-orientated whilst ethics in the true Kantian sense are interested solely in the consistent obedience of the law, a maxim which once adopted by an individual must be followed for its own sake, regardless of consequence or relative circumstances.
While it would have been impossible for them not to consider the outcome of their action, we could conclude that their decision to uphold the law overrode their need to help the refugees. In stating that one should never act except in such a way that they should will that their maxim should become universal law, Kant established that the most important factor of his ethics is consistency, as no double standards can be tolerated.
It would seem reasonable to assume that the moral maxim of the soldiers in question is that violence without due procedure and full backing of the law is never justifiable. With that in mind, it could be argued that they would be happy to see that moral maxim adopted as universal law, since a world in which this maxim was universally adopted would most probably not have seen the Rwanda genocide taking place.Ethics on Film: Discussion of Hotel Rwanda.
Based on the true story of a Rwandan hotel manager who saved the lives of over 1, refugees during the genocide, this film points blame at the international community and the UN for doing almost nothing to . Feb 20, · Hotel Rwanda Ethics Film Review Posted on February 20, by Trish An examination and cultural analysis of the life circumstances of Paul Rusesabagina, as depicted in the film “Hotel Rwanda,” proves that varying a person’s responsibility can result in life changing consequences.
Hotel Rwanda Ethics. n in Rwanda, a million members of the Tutsi tribe were killed by members of the Hutu tribe in a massacre that took place while the world looked away.
"Hotel Rwanda" is not the story of that massacre. Textual Analysis: Hotel Rwanda (Terry George, ) The horrible evidence of what Kant variously called the wickedness, corruption and perversity of the human heart is, unfortunately, not encountered only in memory, it is .
Hotel Rwanda “Hotel Rwanda” was directed by Terry George and produced by Sam Bhembe and Roberto Cicutto. It was released into the United States on December 22, , but it released elsewhere in the world throughout Feb 15, · "Hotel Rwanda" recounts, through the story of Paul Rusesabagina, the events that culminate in the genocide of , Tutsis and moderate Hutus by extremists within the Hutu-dominated ruling party.