As a student he was brilliant but psychologically tormented.
It refers to the control of human bodies through an anatomo-politics of the human body and biopolitics of the population through societal Disciplinary institutions. Initially imposed from outside whose source remains elusive to further investigation both by the social sciences and the humanities, and in fact, you could argue will remain elusive as long as both disciplines use their current research methods.
It is an integral feature and essential to the workings of—and makes possible—the emergence of the modern nation statecapitalismetc. This is what I have called biopower.
Here he states the fundamental difference between biopolitics  and discipline: However, after the emergence of the medieval metaphor body politic which meant society as a whole with the ruler, in this case the king, as the head of society with the so-called Estates of the realm and the Medieval Roman Catholic Church next to the monarch with the majority of the peasant population or feudal serfs at the bottom of the hierarchical pyramid.
This meaning of the metaphor was then codified into medieval law for the offense of high treason and if found guilty the sentence of Hanged, drawn and quartered was carried out. The emergence of the human sciences and its subsequent direction, during the 16th and 18th centuries, primarily aimed at the modern Western man and the society he inhabits, aided the development of Disciplinary institution    and furthermore, Foucault cites the human sciences, particularly the medical sciences, led to the advent of anatomo-politics of the human body, a biopolitics and bio-history of man.
By "massifying" Foucault means transforming into a population "population state" with an extra added impetus of a governing mechanism in the form of a scientific machinery and apparatus.
This scientific mechanism which we now know as the State "governs less" of the population and concentrates more on administrating external devices.
To say that power took possession of life in the nineteenth century, or to say that power at least takes life under its care in the nineteenth century, is to say that it has, thanks to the play of technologies of discipline on the one hand and technologies of regulation on the other, succeeded in covering the whole surface that lies between the organic and the biological, between body and population.
We are, then, in a power that has taken control of both the body and life or that has, if you like, taken control of life in general — with the body as one pole and the population as the other. What we are dealing with in this new technology of power is not exactly society or at least not the social body, as defined by the juristsnor is it the individual body.
It is a new body, a multiple body, a body with so many heads that, while they might not be infinite in number, cannot necessarily be counted. We saw the emergence of techniques of power that were essentially centered on the body, on the individual body.
They included all devices that were used to ensure the spatial distribution of individuals bodies their separation, their alignment, their serialization, and their surveillance and the organization, around those individuals, of a whole field of visibility.
They were also techniques that could be used to take control over bodies. Attempts were made to increase their productive force through exercise, drill, and so on. They were also techniques for rationalizing and strictly economizing on a power that had to be used in the least costly way possible, thanks to whole system of surveillance, hierarchies, inspections, book-keeping, and reports-all the technology of labor.
It was established at the end of the seventeenth century, and in the course of the eighteenth century. However, Foucault argues the exercise of power in the service of maximizing life carries a dark underside. When the state is invested in protecting the life of the population, when the stakes are life itself, anything can be justified.Image by Lucas Barroso Félix, via Wikimedia Commons.
Michel Foucault () was an enormously influential French philosopher who wrote, among other things, historical analyses of psychiatry, medicine, the prison system, and the function of sexuality in social organizations.
He spent some time during the last years of his life at UC Berkeley, delivering several lectures in English. The Panopticon is a type of institutional building and a system of control designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century.
The scheme of the design is to allow all (pan-) inmates of an institution to be observed (-opticon) by a single watchman without the inmates being able to tell whether or not they are being watched. On a seemingly daily basis, we see attacks against the intellectual culture of the academic humanities, which, since the s, have opened up spaces for leftists to develop critical theories of all kinds.
On a seemingly daily basis, we see attacks against the intellectual culture of the academic humanities, which, since the s, have opened up spaces for leftists to develop critical theories of.
Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) is a service we offer sellers that lets them store their products in Amazon's fulfillment centers, and we directly pack, ship, and provide customer service for these products. The Panopticon is a type of institutional building and a system of control designed by the English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham in the late 18th century..
The scheme of the.