By David Masci Abortion is still a difficult, contentious and even unresolved issue for some religious groups.
The ELCA position statement says abortion should be an option of last resort, the ELCA community should work to reduce the need for elective abortions, and that as a community, "the number of induced abortions is a source of deep concern to this church. We mourn the loss of life that God has created.
These are the threat to a woman's physical life; when pregnancy has resulted from rape, incest or sexual violence; and fetal abnormalities incompatible with life. Some hospitals affiliated with the church perform elective abortions. The church released a statement on their website saying that abortion "is not a moral option, except as a tragically unavoidable Abortion and religious views of medical procedures necessary to prevent the death of another human being, viz.
On the topic of whether abortion is allowed in the case of rape or incest, the LCMS has stated that though there are many "emotional arguments for abortion It is indeed a strange logic that would have us kill an innocent unborn baby for the crime of his father.
Within it, on the topic of abortion, the WELS continues to express its commitment to the Holy Scriptures and believes that the Holy Scriptures "clearly testify to a reverence for the life of the mother and the life of her unborn child as both being equal in value.
The MCGB states that "Abortion must not be regarded as an alternative to contraception, nor is it to be justified merely as a method of birth control.
Delegates voted in favor of withdrawing from the organization by a vote of Quakers The Religious Society of Friends [ edit ] The Religious Society of Friends generally avoids taking a stance on controversial issues such as abortion;  however, in the s the American Friends Service Committee advocated for abortion rights.
While advocating respect for differences of religious beliefs concerning abortion, Disciples have consistently opposed any attempts to legislate a specific religious opinion regarding abortion for all Americans. Catholics said they disapproved of the statement that "abortion is morally wrong in every case".
Catholics held that abortion should be illegal in all cases. Twenty-eight percent of fundamentalists thought abortion should be illegal even if there was a strong chance of birth defects whereas only nine percent of mainline Protestants held the same opinion.
Seventy percent of fundamentalists felt that the desire not to have more children was not a sufficient justification for having an abortion while mainline Protestants were almost evenly divided on this question.
However, an overwhelming majority of both fundamentalists and mainline Protestants indicated that they would support abortion in cases where the pregnancy endangered the mother's life.
Catholic women is about the same per capita as the average in the general U. The likelihood of a woman having an abortion is called the abortion indexwith the value of 1. Using this metric in America, U. Catholics were assessed by Guttmacher Institute in the s, showing an index of 1.
Protestants to have an abortion index of 0. History of Christian thought on abortion Early Christian thought on abortion[ edit ] Scholars generally agree that abortion was performed in the classical world, but there is disagreement about the frequency with which abortion was performed and which cultures influenced early Christian thought on abortion.
To hinder a birth is merely a speedier man-killing. First seven Ecumenical Councils From the 4th to 16th Century AD, Christian philosophers, while maintaining the condemnation of abortion as wrong, had varying stances on whether abortion was murder.
Under the first Christian Roman emperor Constantinethere was a relaxation of attitudes toward abortion and exposure of children. This made it possible to take a more tolerant attitude toward poor people who exposed their children. Thomas AquinasPope Innocent IIIand Pope Gregory XIV also believed that a fetus does not have a soul until " quickening ," or when the fetus begins to kick and move, and therefore early abortion was not murder, though later abortion was.Jan 15, · Religious Groups’ Official Positions on Abortion A breakdown of 17 major religious groups’ views on abortion.
Catholicism. In accordance with its widely publicized anti-abortion teachings, the Catholic Church opposes abortion in all circumstances and often leads the national debate on abortion.
Apr 08, · Views on abortion by religious affiliation, Seven-in-ten white evangelical Protestants (70%) think abortion should be illegal in all or most cases.
By contrast, 80% of religiously unaffiliated Americans say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, as do two-thirds of white mainline Protestants (67%). Jul 16, · Abortion: Whose Religious Beliefs Should Prevail?
By Georgette Bennett, Ph.D. Even within Christianity, which has tended to dominate the debate on abortion, there are a diversity of views. Abortion itself is not a religious issue, as you do not need to believe in God in order to believe in universal human rights.
Nevertheless, many religions include different historical perspectives on the immorality of abortion, whether it can ever be permitted, and how believers should respond. Sep 07, · The abortion debate asks whether it can be morally right to terminate a pregnancy before normal childbirth.
Some people think that abortion is always wrong. Some think that abortion is . Many religious traditions have taken a stance on abortion, and these stances span a broad spectrum, as highlighted below.