His time at the university was key to his future role as leader of al-Qaeda, not only in influencing his radical views but also in providing him with the skill to market al-Qaeda. Building al-Qaeda Shortly after the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan inbin Laden, who viewed the invasion as an act of aggression against Islambegan traveling to meet Afghan resistance leaders and raise funds for the resistance.
Romanization of Arabic There is no universally accepted standard for transliterating Arabic words and Arabic names into English;  however, bin Laden's name is most frequently rendered "Osama bin Laden".
Less common renderings include "Ussamah bin Ladin" and, in the French-language media, "Oussama ben Laden". Other spellings include "Binladen" or, as used by his family in the West, "Binladin". The decapitalization of bin is based on the convention of leaving short prepositions, articles, and patronymics uncapitalized in surnames; the nasab bin means "son of".
The spellings with o and e come from a Persian -influenced pronunciation also used in Afghanistan, where bin Laden spent many years. According to bin Laden's son Omar bin Ladenthe family's hereditary surname is " al-Qahtani " Arabic: Mohammed recommended Hamida to Mohammed al-Attas, an associate.
Al-Attas married Hamida in the late s or early s, and they are still together. Some reports suggest he earned a degree in civil engineering in or a degree in public administration in Bin Laden's other known wives were Khadijah Sharif marrieddivorced s ; Khairiah Sabar married ; Siham Sabar married ; and Amal al-Sadah married Some sources also list a sixth wife, name unknown, whose marriage to bin Laden was annulled soon after the ceremony.
He describes him as a frugal man and strict father, who enjoyed taking his large family on shooting A biography of osama bin laden and picnics in the desert. He wore a plain white keffiyeh. Bin Laden had stopped wearing the traditional Saudi male keffiyeh and instead wore the traditional Yemeni male keffiyeh.
Beliefs and ideology of Osama bin Laden A major component of bin Laden's ideology was the concept that civilians from enemy countries, including women and children, were legitimate targets for jihadists to kill. He opposed such alternatives such as secular government,  as well as " pan-Arabismsocialism, communism, democracy.
His viewpoints and methods of achieving them had led to him being designated as a terrorist by scholars,   journalists from The New York Times  the BBC and Qatari news station Al Jazeera analysts such as Peter Bergen Michael Scheuer Marc Sageman and Bruce Hoffman.
In a December interview with Pakistani journalist Rahimullah Yusufzaibin Laden stated that Operation Desert Fox was proof that Israeli Jews controlled the governments of the United States and United Kingdom, directing them to kill as many Muslims as they could.
State Department and U. Department of Defense were controlled by Jews, for the sole purpose of serving the Israeli state's goals.
They will leave you nothing, either in this world or the next. He was interested in "earth-moving machinery and genetic engineering of plants" on the one hand, but rejected "chilled water" on the other.
He believed this would lead to economic collapse of the enemy countries, by "bleeding" them dry. In a tape broadcast by al-Jazeera, bin Laden spoke of "bleeding America to the point of bankruptcy".
He invoked democracy both as an example of the deceit and fraudulence of western political system—American law being "the law of the rich and wealthy"  —and as the reason civilians are responsible for their government's actions and so can be lawfully punished by death.
It is worth noting that Spain was once under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate. In he condemned the United States government for its hypocrisy in not labeling the bombing of Hiroshima as terrorism.
In Novemberhe maintained that revenge killing of Americans was justified because he claimed that Islamic law allows believers to attack invaders even when the enemy uses human shields. However, according to Rodenbeck, "this classical position was originally intended as a legal justification for the accidental killings of civilians under very limited circumstances — not as a basis for the intentional targeting of noncombatants.
Shirazi points out bin Laden also contradicted this democracy-creates-responsibility position in another, more typical, Islamist description of Western democracy, specifically American democracy, as "the law of the rich and wealthy, who hold sway in the political parties.
He asserted infidels were "attacking Muslims like people fight over a plate of food," planning to "enslave" Muslims or to "annihilate" Islam. But during this time European imperialism was in retreat.
Events he describes as the most "penetrating and brutal" acts of imperialism— Dutch conquest of the East Indiesthe French invasion of Algeria in the s, or Britain's crushing of the Indian Mutiny —happened outside the period. Similarly extremely high infant and young children mortality rates in Afghanistan caused by the Taliban expelling international aid groups were not only not criticized, but bin Laden praising the Taliban for making Afghanistan "the only Islamic country" in existence.
CIA—al-Qaeda controversy Mujahideen in Afghanistan After leaving college inbin Laden went to Pakistan, joined Abdullah Azzam and used money and machinery from his own construction company to help the Mujahideen resistance in the Soviet—Afghan War.
Although the United States provided the money and weapons, the training of militant groups was entirely done by the Pakistani Armed Forces and the ISI.
Through al-Khadamat, bin Laden's inherited family fortune  paid for air tickets and accommodation, paid for paperwork with Pakistani authorities and provided other such services for the jihadi fighters.
Bin Laden established camps inside Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan and trained volunteers from across the Muslim world to fight against the Soviet-backed regime, the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan ; he would also participate in some combat activity, such as the Battle of Jaji.
It was during this time that he became idolised by many Arabs. Shia civilians were also subjected to rape. Ramana founder of India's Research and Analysis Wing to have been in response to a revolt by the Shias of Gilgit during the rule of military dictator Zia-ul Haq He alleged that the Pakistan Army induced Osama bin Laden to lead an armed group of Sunni tribals, from Afghanistan and the North-West Frontier Provinceinto Gilgit and its surrounding areas to suppress the revolt.
While Azzam acted as support for Afghan fighters, bin Laden wanted a more military role. One of the main points leading to the split and the creation of al-Qaeda was Azzam's insistence that Arab fighters be integrated among the Afghan fighting groups instead of forming a separate fighting force.
Along with his Arab legion, he was thought to have "brought down the mighty superpower" of the Soviet Union. With Iraqi forces on the Saudi border, Saddam's appeal to pan-Arabism was potentially inciting internal dissent.Bin Laden knew about the plans of this man to defect and so had few months to liquidate the few businesses known to this defector.
There was very little trace of those businesses but dismantling. Born for Syrian mother, Osama bin Laden was the seventh son among fifty brothers and sisters.
The form used here, Osama bin Laden, is used by most English-language mass media. This includes CNN and the BBC. The FBI and Fox News use Usama bin Laden.
Often the name is abbreviated to UBL. The bin Laden family (or "Binladin," as they like to be called) usually use the name as a surname in the Western style. Watch video · Osama bin Laden is a terrorist extremist who planned the attacks on the World Trade Center and is intent on driving Western influence from the Muslim world.
Osama bin Laden was born in Riyadh. Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden / oʊ ˈ s ɑː m ə b ɪ n ˈ l ɑː d ən / (Arabic: أسامة بن محمد بن عوض بن لادن , Usāmah bin Muḥammad bin ʿAwaḍ bin Lādin; March 10, – May 2, ), also rendered Usama bin Ladin, was a founder of the pan-Islamic militant organization al-Qaeda.
Osama bin Laden: Osama bin Laden, founder of the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda and mastermind of numerous terrorist attacks against the United States and other Western powers, including the September 11, , attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon near Washington, D.C.